Robotics is a fascinating field that combines engineering, computer science, artificial intelligence, and biology to create machines that can perform tasks that are difficult, dangerous, or tedious for humans. Robots are also capable of learning from their experiences and adapting to new situations. Some of the applications and challenges of robotics are:
- Human-oriented interaction: One of the major hurdles that both personal and industrial robotics is facing is integrating a human-friendly interaction in all robots. This includes designing robots that can understand human emotions, gestures, speech, and intentions, and respond appropriately. It also involves ensuring that robots can work safely and cooperatively with humans, and respect their privacy and autonomy³.
- Building bio-based robots: Human-like robots are becoming more common for robot manufacturing companies. These robots aim to mimic the structure, function, and appearance of biological systems, such as muscles, skin, eyes, and brains. Bio-based robots can offer advantages such as flexibility, resilience, and self-repair³. However, they also pose challenges such as ethical issues, biocompatibility, and complexity².
- Multifunctionality: Robots are expected to perform a variety of tasks in different domains and environments, such as aerial photography, infrastructure inspection, payload transportation, precision agriculture, surveillance, and search and rescue missions¹². This requires robots to have multiple capabilities, such as sensing, actuation, computation, communication, and coordination. Developing robots that can integrate these functions and switch between them seamlessly is a challenge³.
- RPA management: Robotic process automation (RPA) is the use of software robots to automate repetitive and rule-based tasks, such as data entry, invoice processing, and customer service. RPA can increase efficiency, accuracy, and productivity for businesses³. However, it also requires effective management, such as monitoring, auditing, and updating the robots, as well as ensuring their security and compliance³.
- Communication in swarm robots: Swarm robots are groups of robots that can cooperate and coordinate with each other to achieve a common goal, such as exploration, mapping, or formation control. Swarm robots can be robust, scalable, and adaptable to dynamic environments². However, they also face challenges such as how to communicate efficiently and reliably among themselves and with external agents, how to deal with noise and interference, and how to handle conflicts and failures².
- Environment mapping: Environment mapping is the process of creating a representation of the surroundings of a robot, such as the geometry, topology, and semantic information. Environment mapping is essential for robots to navigate, plan, and execute tasks in unknown or changing environments². However, it also poses challenges such as how to acquire, process, and fuse data from different sensors, how to handle uncertainty and noise, and how to update and share the map in real time².
- Reasonable AI systems: Reasonable AI systems are robots that can reason about their own actions and the actions of others, and explain their decisions and behaviors to humans. Reasonable AI systems can enhance the trust, transparency, and accountability of robots, and enable human-robot collaboration and learning². However, they also face challenges such as how to represent and infer knowledge, how to generate and communicate explanations, and how to balance between reasoning and performance².
These are some of the exciting and challenging aspects of robotics that researchers and developers are working on. Robotics is a field that has the potential to transform various industries and domains, and improve the quality of life for many people. However, it also requires careful consideration of the ethical, social, and environmental implications of the technology, and the involvement of stakeholders and users in the design and deployment of robots.
Source: Conversation with Bing, 14/11/2023
(1) 10 Biggest Challenges Robotics Aspirants Should Be Aware Of. https://www.analyticsinsight.net/10-biggest-challenges-robotics-aspirants-should-be-aware-of/.
(2) Aerial Swarms: Recent Applications and Challenges. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s43154-021-00063-4.
(3) 10 big robotics challenges that need to be solved in the next … – Create. https://createdigital.org.au/robotics-challenges-next-10-years/.
(4) 10 Biggest Challenges in Robotics – The Robot Report. https://www.therobotreport.com/10-biggest-challenges-in-robotics/.